At the turn of the year 2000s, the labour movement as championed by Comrades like Adams Oshiomhole and others was revered by the citizenry because of its fierce stance on government policies and programmes perceived to had no “human face”. The movement courted the sympathy of Nigerians when it became obvious that the NLC and TUC had the interest of the generality of Nigerians and not that of the powers that held sway during their days. Naturally, the movement became the bride of the Nigerian people as the diminutive Oshiomhole never missed an opportunity to assert himself and the ideals of the movement as the voice of the populace.
Fast forward to present day, the movement under Oshiomhole’s successor, Ayuba Wabba seemed to had taken a downward slide into limbo as the Wabba and his comrades “failed” to sustain the tempo and fervor his predecessor led the NLC with. Even though some may be quick to argue that the two leaders may have served under different circumstances or had different approaches to handling issues, the two scenarios in the movement under the two labour leaders were at variant. While the latter presented a scenario of a diplomat in tackling issues; the former was militant and more aggressive in his approach. Both however should be commended for their forthrightness in leading the movement.
Under the President Bola Ahmed Tinubu government, which of course is barely six months old in office, the labour movement had cause to test its mettle against some policies and decisions of government that are viewed as harsh. First was the removal of subsidy on Premium Motor Spirit, PMS otherwise known as petrol on May 29. The president made it categorically clear that the subsidy regime was gone. As a direct consequence of that government pronouncement, the pump price of petrol of petrol was pegged at 615 per liter by the regulating authorities, the Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited, NNPCL.
This pronouncement that resulted in consequential hike on the cost of other goods and services in the country did not sit well with a lot of Nigerians and especially the labour unions who argued that the biting inflation in the country was excruciating and the removal of fuel subsidy would be tantamount to further tightening the noose around the jugular of the already “multi-dimensionally poor” Nigerians.
Armed with this position, the labour unions spoilt for war between her and the federal government insisting that some palliative measures be deliberately put in place to cushion the effects of the new regime before any consideration. Ultimatum was issued to the government, notices of industrial actions were served, affiliate unions across the country were asked to down tools as part of efforts to get the federal government to agree to the terms of the Nigerian workers, and by extension, the Nigerian people.
Expectedly, the federal government in its characteristic nature succumbed to the demands of the labour unions and workers and Nigerians were asked to go back to their duty posts with the promise that the government would meet those demands. Well, like they say: a better part of those demands are yet to be met by the federal government months after the suspension of that industrial impasse. Is the labour movement still monitoring the implementation of such demands?
Similarly, while that was in the offing, the Lagos State government decided to be in the bad books of the union, particularly the Trade Union Congress, TUC when it proscribed the activities of the Road Transport Employers’ Association of Nigeria, RTEAN from its motor parks across the state. Again, TUC mobilized its arsenal and matched out its army against Lagos State government last September. The TUC/RTEAN planned protest in Lagos was fixed for September 24.
However, some few days to the picketing of the Lagos State government by the union, the government quickly sough respite from the National Industrial Court sitting in the state. according to the Commissioner of Information and Strategy in Lagos, Gbenga Omotoso, Trade Union Congress (TUC) plan to protest the September 2022 suspension of the activities of the Road Transport Employers Association of Nigeria (RTEAN), Lagos Chapter, in motor parks and garages in Lagos State due to violence and internal strife would be a breach of the law since the state had already filed an appeal against the planned action.
Omotoso said a 35-man Ad-hoc Caretaker Committee was constituted by the State Government to manage the State’s Parks and Garages under the control of RTEAN pending resolution of the internal dispute and to stop immediately the violence in some parts of the State – in line with the recommendations of the Y2004 White Paper on Transport Union Matters in the State.
Both parties were advised to embrace dialogue for the socio-economic benefit of the state and country. The situation between RTEAN/TUC versus the Lagos State government is still work in progress to finally find an amicable solution to the industrial dispute. Between the Lagos State government and RTEAN/TUC, who is going to blink first?
As if that was not enough, the Imo State government under Hope Uzodinma also murdered sleep in his state when he decided to introduce some obnoxious labour policies that caught the attention of the labour movement. Media reports had it that Ajaero, who stormed Owerri to lead a protest over unpaid salaries to government employees in Imo State, was beaten by hoodlums and allegedly detained for hours by the police in the state.
Consequently, the labour movement gave the Federal Government an ultimatum to arrest the perpetrators among other demands, to avoid a strike.
To prevent the labour action, the Federal Government secured a restraining order against the unions at the National Industrial Court but the labour leadership mobilised the workers for the strike which commenced on last Tuesday.
Yet again, the Nigerian economy was grounded as workers were called out to down tools in protest to the manhandling of Ajaero in Owerri. But in a swift reaction, the National Security Adviser, NSA Nuhu Ribadu held a meeting with labour leaders over the industrial impasse and pleaded with them to shelve or suspend the action in the interest of the economy. Ribadu, as at Wednesday informed the labour leaders that two of the hoodlums who attacked Ajaero were under detention and that their other demands would be looked into subsequently.
The National Deputy President of the TUC, Tommy Etim, explained that the strike was suspended based on the trust the unions had in Ribadu.
He stated, “The NECs of the NLC and the TUC have suspended the strike. We did this based on our trust in the National Security Adviser, Nuhu Ribadu who gave us his word. We also saw that he wasn’t playing politics with our demands and he was ready and promised to follow up with everything.”
Asked whether the suspension of the strike was indefinite, Etim said, “It is a temporary suspension. We are going to give them some time after which we will meet and if they fail to meet up, the strike resumes.
“We listened to the NSA and he listened to us. He noted that Ajaero didn’t do anything wrong by going to Imo State. We must commend the NSA and it is because of him that there is a suspension of the strike.”
Ribadu noted that the Federal Government regretted the incident that happened in Imo and condemned it in its entirety, adding that it was against the rule of law and the principles of freedom of association and expression subscribed to by President Bola Tinubu and his administration.
In a different reaction however, the organised Private Sector and the maritime operators carpeted the NLC and TUC over the industrial action, stating that it was ill-timed and misconceived. The OPS comprising critical players in the economy noted that the strike would affect the Federal Government’s ability to meet its yearly revenue target.
From the foregoing it is obvious that even the labour movement in Nigeria may be singing discordant tunes on mutual issues. Add the many allegations of compromise by leaders of the movement, this development may spell a bleak future to the continuous survival and respect the unions command amongst Nigerians. It is time to clean the Augean stables and restore the fading glory of the movement if it must not be seen as an endangered specie in Nigeria.
We’ll sustain the mandate given to PDP – Gov Mutfwang
Gyang Bere, the Director of Press and Public Affairs to the Executive Governor of Plateau State disclosed in a statement made available to THE NIGERIA STANDARD.
Governor Mutfwang has also expressed his confidence in the Nigerian judiciary, emphasizing that it is comprised of men and women of integrity who will uphold justice in the collective interest of the Plateau people.
He made these remarks on Monday during an interview with journalists at the Yakubu Gowon Airport, Heipang, shortly after his return from an official trip to the US, where he secured scholarships for Plateau Engineering students among other significant benefits.
The Governor clarified that the PDP’s victory in the 2023 elections was fair and unequivocal. He acknowledged concerns among Plateau people regarding certain judgments but appealed for calm, emphasizing that despite the setbacks, there will be light at the end of the tunnel.
He assured the people of Plateau State that their hard-won victory would be preserved.
“We have faced challenges, but we are addressing them diligently. I urge our people to remain patient and calm. Our confidence in the judiciary remains unshaken. I believe in the integrity of the men and women in the judiciary who will do what is right when the time comes,” Governor Mutfwang stated.
Regarding his visit to the United States, the Governor shared positive outcomes, stating, “I sought potential investors and forged relationships with both the United States and State Governments, aiming to bring global attention to Plateau State.
” I am pleased to announce that the visit was successful. We engaged in an Agriculture Investors Conference with Vice President Sen. Kashim Shettima. We have advanced discussions with the African Development Bank to establish an agro-processing zone in Plateau, which will significantly impact our economy.”
He continued, “We also partnered with American institutions for exchange programmes and capacity building. Liberty University, for instance, has generously offered five scholarships in Engineering for Plateau State postgraduate students.
Additionally, commitments have been made to provide medical equipment for our hospitals. We will continue these discussions and keep the people of Plateau informed.”
By PETER TITLE
By DUMAH RANDONG
The Plateau State Governor, Caleb Mutfwang has frowned at the illegal mining activities in the state and called on the Federal Government to address the lapses in the administration of mineral titles.
He also wants stakeholders in the sector to always engage the government as well as involve communities for the smooth operation in the mining industry.
Plateau State, according to Governor Mutfwang, is one of the leading states in mineral resources, but it has nothing to show for it except the death traps that have been left all over the place.
The governor made this position known when the North-Central, officials of the Nigeria Mining Cadastre office led by Kubai Musa Abba paid him a visit, recently at the Old Government House, Rayfield, Jos.
Represented by his Deputy, Mrs Josephine Piyo, Mutfwang maintained that Plateau State widely known as Tin City, has been the mainstay of the Nigerian economy in those days but up till date without any commensurate benefit.
He stressed the need for the harmonization of the mining lease in the country and noted that a situation where people just cut corners to obtain operational licenses and go into exploration in communities without the knowledge of the people must be stopped.
Earlier, Director General, Nigeria Mining Cadastre Office, represented by Kubai Musa Abba, a director in the Nigeria Mining Cadastre Office, North-Central Zone, explained that they are responsible for administration of mineral titles. He added that anyone interested in exploration and exploiting minerals in the country will have to obtain the legal instrument to do so.
According to the Nigeria Mining Act 2007, there are six types of mineral titles with which one could explore or exploit for minerals in the country to include Recognizance Permit, Exploration Licence, Small scale Mining Lease, Quarry lease, Mining lease as well as Water Use Permit.
He further disclosed that as at July, 2023, there was a total of 6561 valid mineral titles excluding Water Use Permit and Recognizance Permit. And that out of 328 mining leases in the country, 48 are in Plateau State which is the highest, second only to Kogi with 55 as at July, 2023 and encouraged Plateau State to take advantage of this and many others by being interested in what is happening in the mineral sector.
Also contributing, Plateau State Commissioner for Lands and Survey, Peter Gai described what is happening in the mining sub-sector as unacceptable. This is because these mining companies operate without environmental impact assessment which has caused devastating effect on the land, apart from the insecurity as a result of these mining activities.
He stressed the need for a deliberate policy to ensure that those going into the mining industry should follow due process whereby the government and the communities are paid royalty while also ensuring the reclamation of the land.
By PETER TITLE, Jos
Gov. Caleb Mutfwang of Plateau has promised to tackle security challenges currently facing the state and ensure lasting peace returns to all parts of the state.
Muftwang said this while declaring opened the 43rd Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the Alumni Association of National Institute (AANI) on Saturday in Jos.
The governor said that adequate measures have been put in place toward ending the recurrent killings and massive destruction of property in parts of the state.
”The current attempts by our enemies to discredit Plateau will soon be a thing of the past.
”We will do our best to rescue Plateau and make it a safe haven for anyone who wish to come for business or live here.
”Plateau under my watch will soon be home for all,” he declared.
Mutfwang however called for a robust partnership between the state government and the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPPS), Kuru, near Jos.
The governor said that such collaboration was needed in order to entrench good governance and functional public service in the state.
Mutfwang, who extolled the critical role of the institute in shaping the policy direction of the nation, said that the collaboration became necessary to move the state forward.
”There is no doubt that Plateau citizens expect a lot from us and this is why we are not resting on our efforts by ensuring that we meet these expectations.
”This is why we will partner with NIPPS in order to correct the faulty foundation to entrench good governance in Plateau,” he said.
Prof. Ayo Omotayo, the Director General of the institute, thanked the governor for honouring the invitation, and assured him of its readiness to supprt the state government toward a more functional system.
Omotayo, who described the AGM as ‘unique”, also thanked the alumni association for holding the meeting within the institute.
The director general, however, called on the alumni association to regularly visit the institute, adding that such move will give them a sense of belonging.
He maintained that NIPPS has adopted strategies that would enable agencies and organisations to send people of proven integrity and high intellectual standing to the institute as participants.
Earlier, Mr Mohammed Abubakar, the National President of AANI, said top on the agenda of the AGM is the election of new officials of the association.
Abubakar, a retired Inspector General of Police (IGP), thanked members of the association for the opportunity given to the current exco to serve in the last four years.
He also commended members for the support granted the outgoing officials, urging them to vote people of proven integrity that would serve the association in the next four years.
Plateau State Governor, Simon Bako Lalong has urged communities to take advantage of the Anti Land Grabbing Law of 2020 in the state to report any attempt by anyone to take their land by force.
He has also advised that rather than going to the social media to play politics of blackmail with such matters, persons or communities whose land has been forcefully taken should formally write government, stakeholders or approach the court directly for redress.
The governor said this on Sunday 5th February 2023 at St. Monica’s Catholic Church Rantya, Jos, during the interdenominational Church service to commemorate the 2023 Plateau Day of Forgiveness.
At the Church service, attended by top government functionaries, politicians, and stakeholders in the state, Lalong stated that “This is to help in restoring order, and to strengthen, deepen the peace, and security of our land which was previously truncated before we came into office. We strongly believe that peace and security is the foundation upon which every other thing stands,” he said.
He added that despite passing the Anti Land Grabbing Law, insinuations are making rounds but no official complaint has been put on his table that a village has been taken over by herdsmen.
The governor pointed out: “Permit me to use this opportunity to clarify the insinuation being made by some people that some villages have been taken over by herdsmen in the state and that the government has not done anything about it”.
“As the Governor, I can say authoritatively that there is no report on my table that any village has been taken over. It is to prevent such from happening that we passed and signed into law the Anti-Land Grabbing law in 2020”.
“By this law, anyone whose land has been forcefully taken is expected to write to me, his traditional ruler, Local Government Chairman, elected representative or even approach the court directly for redress. So far, no one or any community has done so”.
“But I want the world to know that what we have been doing is to return displaced persons who fled their homes due to attacks back to their ancestral lands. For example, the site for the construction of a Police Mobile Barracks in Kakuruk, Gashish District Barkin Local Government has been handed over to the contractor who will start work immediately to provide security for the people to return to their lands”.
“I promise you that we will not spare anyone who tries to lay claim on any inch of Plateau State that does not belong to him. Not under my watch”.
He said Plateau is a great state that has been blessed by God and destined for greatness despite the setbacks experienced in its 47 years of creation. And that fact explains why the state remains a melting pot for people from all parts of the world, while the natural endowments it has remains a source of attraction.
In his homily, Catholic Archbishop of Jos, Most Rev. Ishaya Audu who cited scriptures from Matt 18: 29, James 2:13 and Matt 6:14, stressed that Christians who are the salt of the earth are expected to pull down all barriers for peaceful coexistence, tolerance, good neighbourliness and mutual respect to thrive.
Prayers were offered for God’s blessings upon Plateau State and Nigeria.
APC CONGRATULATES GENERAL YAKUBU GOWON @ 88
Plateau State Chairman of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Honourable Rufus Bature, has joined millions of Nigerians both at home and in the diaspora in congratulating Nigeria’s former Head of State, General Yakubu Gowon, as he attains the ripe age of 88 years.
This was contained in a press statement signed by Plateau State Publicity Secretary, Hon. Sylvanus Namang, and made available to SUNDAY STANDARD in Jos, the state capital Wednesday on occasion of Gowon’s 88th birthday.
The Chairman in a congratulatory message, said, “the octogenarian who is a worthy son of Plateau State remains Nigeria’s longest ruling Head of State. General Yakubu Gowon has remained a reference point of courageous and selfless leadership as he served Nigeria during its most critical moment, including a 30-month old civil war which he prosecuted with finesse and distinction as Nigeria came out as one united and indivisible country.
“This unparalleled stewardship which gave his name the acronym of Go On With One Nigeria ( GOWON) and his popular ” “No Victor, No Vanguished” stand which gave birth to the 3Rs of Reconstruction, Reconciliation and Rehabilitation should continuously inform our present set of leaders on the need to keep our country and its people united and pursue the path of progress and prosperity.
“As we celebrate this quintessential elder statesman of all times, we call on the Federal Government to immortalize him while he is still alive by naming a major national monument after him apart from the Jos Airport based on his meritorious service and sacrifice for this country”, he enthused.
According to Bature, “his non ostentatious lifestyle should also serve as a reference point to our leaders where morbid accumulation of wealth have taken the centre stage. As he marks this special day in his life, we pray Almighty God to continue to grant him long life and good health for us to continue to draw from his wise counsel and service to our nation”.
0ver 60 orphans sponsored for educational projects
The Qatar Charity Foundation has sponsored the education of 60 orphans in Sokoto State, the Chairman of the state Zakkat and Endowment Commission, Malam Muhammad Maidoki has stated.
The Chairman, Maidoki in a chat with our correspondent said that the 60 children will begin their primary school education on Monday 17th October, 2022.
According to him, the children are among 106 orphans being taken care of by the foundation.
He also disclosed that the mothers and guardians of the orphans should note that the intervention was to ensure better future for the children and not the other way round.
“The allowances paid to the orphans’ account by individuals through the Qatar foundation are to take care of their needs and ensure a better future for them.
That “today 60 are taken to school, while others that are under -age will continue to remain with their mothers, until they reach appropriate school age”.
Maidoki assured that the children would be in safe hands while in school. He added that the guardians would be supported with part of the money sent to the orphans’ accounts, to engage in income generating ventures of their choice.
Maidoki expressed the gratitude of the state government to the foundation for its support to vulnerable families in the state.
He also appreciated the decision of the Qatar Charity Foundation to support the livelihood of 1,000 orphans in the state while praying for peaceful coexistence in Sokoto State and the country at large.
Earlier, Malam Jabbi Ibrahim, the Director Endowment of the commission, explained that 34 of the beneficiaries from Gandi IDPs Camp and Shagari were enrolled in Almajiri Boarding Primary School, Shuni.
He also revealed that 16 of the orphans from Sokoto will be attending Ahmed Sarkin-Gona Primary School while 10 others were admitted into Ubandoma Model Primary School, Hamma-Ali.
Oil theft: Discovery of illegal pipeline, any conspiracy?
Oil theft in Nigeria has been a recurring decimal in the petroleum Industry for over 22 years. But lately, this phenomenon has reached an unprecedented scale especially with the latest discovery of an illegal 4-kilometre [km] crude pipeline that had operated undetected for nine years. Kenneth Dareng examines the situation.
THE Nigerian National Petroleum Company [NNPC], Group Chief Executive, Mele Kyari had recently disclosed to the Senate Joint Committees on petroleum [upstream and downstream], and gas that, the illegal pipeline had operated for nine years and ran through the Frocados terminal to the sea, also had a loading port without the knowledge of the authorities.
He said the pipeline was found during a clampdown on theft in the past few weeks which according to him, ” The Brass, Forcados and the Bonny terminals, are all practically doing zero production today, the combined effect is that you have lost 600,000 barrels per day when you do reality test.
”As a result of oil theft, Nigeria loses about 600,000 barrels per day, which is not healthy for the nation’s economy, and in particular, the legal operators in the field, which had led to a close down of some of their operational facilities.
”But in rising to the highly disturbing challenge, NNPC has in recent times in collaboration with relevant security agencies, clamped down on the economic saboteurs.
” In the cause of the recent clampdown, 395 illegal refineries have been deactivated, 274 reservoirs destroyed, 1,561 metal tanks destroyed, 49 trucks were seized.” Kyari said.
Speaking on the current development, Pa Edwin Clark, an Ijaw national leader, said the lingering oil theft in the Niger Delta has been going on even beyond 20 years, saying; ” My attention and that of the entire country have been drawn to the recent discovery of a large scale sophisticated oil theft machinery going on in the deep swamps at Yokri close to the Forcados terminal in Delta state.
”The discovery of the illegal four kilometers pipeline through which crude oil was being siphoned showed that oil theft was being perpetrated by criminal mafias, with the connivance of some officials of the oil Industry.
”It is dangerously incredible that crude oil theft, in spite of all the securities around, has assumed wider dimension to the extent that the quantity of crude oil we export today is less than the quantity being stolen by a gang of thieves of various designations.” Clark said.
Also expressing his reaction on the matter, Mr Isaac Gbam, a Jos based public commentator said, ” These must be interesting times for our country, otherwise, how can someone explain with the level of intelligence gathering and sharing within all security agencies and sophistication in such operations like that of crude, it beats my imagination that it took nine good years to detect such an illegality.
”I suspect this must be an inside job from within the NNPC and perhaps in collaboration with some highly influential personalities within the corridors of power. The truth must be told, this is not a job for the boys, it is a multi-million dollar venture that can only be executed by a team with a high technical background and with a strong security support.” He added.
Also in a chat with SUNDAY STANDARD, Mr Ray Nwankwo, a resident of Jos North said, ”It cannot be surprising to see such things happening. This goes to show the rot in our security system which has led to the present security challenges which may be either due to lack of loyalty and love for the country that some people have decided to look the other way while our commonwealth is being hijacked by some few unpatriotic elements in our country.” Nwankwo stressed.
Paul Chuks, a businessman also in Jos was quick to point out that for the fact that the illegal pipeline had been operational for nine solid years, means that this very episode must have begun right from the previous Government headed by Goodluck Jonathan. He further said, ” Let the Federal Government launch a serious probe on the matter with a view to getting to the bottom of it and unravel those behind it. This country needs to get more serious with economic saboteurs by bringing those found wanting to face the full wrath of the law.” Chuks noted.
However, with the rampant cases of oil theft in the country’s Niger Delta region, the NNPC CEO, Kyari said, in order to address the menace, NNPCL carried out aerial surveillance of the affected areas and saw economic saboteurs carrying out their activities unchallenged.
He noted that, the level of oil theft at hand, poses a blend of both social and security problems. ” It is not normal to involve non-state actors for the protection of oil pipelines and other critical infrastructure as done in Cambodia and Mexico which produced results.”
SUNDAY STANDARD findings indicate that the Federal Government right from 1999 had running battles with youths in the Niger Delta who in order to ventilate their frustrations over what they called total neglect by exploration companies and the destruction of the land due to oil spillage and other forms of environmental degradation.
After years of open confrontation between the growing number of militant groups from that region, the Umaru YarAdua Administration opted for dialogue with the Niger Delta militants in exchange for amnesty and with the promise to address all fundamental concerns of the people of that region which to a large extend has calmed a lot of nerves especially with the establishment of the Niger Delta Development Commission [NDDC], to spearhead projects that would impact positively on their people.
It was also in the same vein that the Federal Government went a step further especially with the action of the present Muhammadu Buhari Administration, in a bid to safeguard the pipelines from vandalisation and coupled with the rise in crude oil bunkering lately, the Government had to do a U-turn by re-awarding a pipeline surveillance contract to an ex-militant named Government Tompolo, who was alleged to have once stolen oil and vandalized pipelines.
The move to award the contract to Tompolo was criticized by most citizens, but officials in the sector defended the action saying, the former militant’s expertise will help prevent the theft. Meanwhile, raids in late August led to the arrest of more than 100 oil thieves and the recovery of millions of litres of crude oil and diesel.
The surge in illegal oil activities within the past three years has further affected Nigeria’s oil out-put and serious decline of its oil revenues and the resultant effect is that Nigeria has dropped from being the number one largest oil producing nation in Africa to the fourth, behind Angola, Algeria and Libya.
According to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries [OPEC] latest ranking report, monthly oil market report for August, 2022, showed Nigeria’s oil production stood at 980,000 barrels a day, a decline of more than 100,000 barrels per day compared to July.
The drop further indicate that such figure coming from Nigeria is about 50 percent of OPEC’s target for the month of August. Again, Mr. Isaac Gbam in sharing his opinion with SUNDAY STANDARD expressed concern that as a mono-economy, Nigeria should have before now, mapped out long term strategies of laying a solid foundation for its upstream and downstream sectors. Rather, corruption and maladministration has crippled the whole industry. ”Look at what has happened to our refineries, none is working, we are now depending on refined products and at the mercy of importers and those stealing from pipelines. Sadly, we cannot even meet our local demands. The empty filling stations and the long queues speak volumes of what Nigeria has become. It is unthinkable that we are dropping below a war torn country like Libya.” Gbam said.
Kevin Hart, a post graduate student of Management studies at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University [ATBU], Bauchi , told SUNDAY STANDARD that; ” I was shocked to watch the report about the discovery of illegal pipeline that ran for many years undetected. It sounds like a tale out of moon light of those good old days. But outside these whole mess, the Government can as well approve license for business entrepreneurs to invest in modular refineries. What is required is for government to set up the conditions and standards and we can gain from it rather than the practice of importation and subsidy which has become controversial and even a scam.”
For decades, Nigeria has been Africa’s largest oil producer. But in recent years, theft and sabotage at production sites have hampered out-put. And Petroleum authorities have said more than 200,000 barrels are lost daily and that the trend is costing the country millions of dollars in revenue.
According to an oil and gas expert, Emmanuel Afimia, said the current situation in the sector is disturbing. ”At this particular point in time when oil prices are rising, Nigeria is supposed to sit back and be enjoying revenue inflows of foreign exchange through sales and export of crude oil but the reverse is the case. So it is really a negative thing for the country falling from the top largest oil producer, Nigeria will be slowly losing its influence in the global oil market.” Afimia said.
Oil was once Nigeria’s biggest earner and contributor to its national GDP, but latest data shows information and communication technology and trade contributed more in the second quarter of this year. Meanwhile, Nigerian authorities are also raising concerns as President Muhammadu Buhari was quoted as saying that the situation was putting the economy in a precarious situation. However, with the recent clampdown on crude oil vandals by NNPC in collaboration with security agencies, for now the results being realized suggests that it is still work in progress.
And on the larger scale, many citizens now expect the Federal Government to commence investigation to uncover all government officials involved in the illegal operation at the Forcados oil pipelines, including top officials of the NNPC and their collaborators, especially for the harm done to the nation. Such may be the only assurance that would convince Nigerians that the authorities are serious in bringing the ugly trend of oil theft to an end.
2023 elections, parties and crisis
As registered political parties in Nigeria embark on campaigns collecting votes from the electorate ahead of the February 2023 elections, some of the major parties have been engulfed in one crisis or the other. What tendencies does this portend for the general elections? VICTOR ALI Writes.
SINCE the return to democracy in 1999 after several years of military interregnum, Nigeria entered another phase in its nationhood. With democratic rule kept in abeyance for a long time, party politics, sure, will have to start from the scratch. Largely, the political parties of the first Republic (1960-1966) can be said to be regionally-based. These parties had their firm roots in the regions.
The Northern peoples congress (NPC led by Sir Ahmadu Bello cum Alhaji Tafawa Balewa had the Notherrn region as its forte, the National Council for Nigeria and Cameroon (NCNC) with Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe in charge had the faster region in its grip while Chief Obafemi Awolowo of the Action Group (AG) had the western region for itself. That is not to say that there were no other parties. The aforementioned were the dominant ones.
Even the second Republic 1979-1983) was not different. The prominent and dominant parties then had the semblance of the First Republic. The National Party of Nigeria (NPN) on whose platform the late Alhaji Shehu Usman Shagari emerged as president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria had its firm roots in the North, the Unity party of Nigeria (UPN) of Chief Obafemi Awolowo had the West while Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe’s Nigeria Peoples Party (NPP) was in charge of the East. Of course, there were pockets of other smaller parties.
Interestingly, the transition programme that ushered the Fourth Republic was huge departure from the past. The parties that were registered and contested had national out look. Though some involved strange bed fellows, they were still good to go. At the down of the democratic dispensation in 1999, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) emerged as the dominant and intimidating Political Party. Like a colossus, it swept the polls virtually everywhere.
For sixteen good years (16), the PDP held sway at the centre, from Chief-Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Yar’Adua down to Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, the PDP was in the eyes of the storm. So confident was the party that its then zonal vice chairman (West) Chief Olabode George, boasted that the party will continue to rule Nigeria for the next 50 years was to come to naught in 2015 as the ruling Party (PDP) was resoundingly defeated by the mega party – the All Progressives Congress (APC).
The emergence of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in itself was an act of ingenuity in political engineering. It was a fusion or amalgam of several partiers –the Congress for Progressive change (CPC). All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) and part of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) amongsts others. In what started as a joke, the APC was to be PDP’s waterloo in the general elections of 2015.
With the 2023 general elections around the corner and with the APC on the saddle for about eight years (8) what are the state of the parties? Will the PDP stage a come back? What about the emergence of a third force in the mould of the Labour Party (LP) or the New Nigeria People Party (NNPP) and others?
The emergence of these new parties and their forceful, albeit serious entry into the politics areas has given political pundits a second thought on what to expect. The so called establishd parties, particularly the main opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and the ruling All Progressives Congress (ADP) seem to be having post-convention issues. The political intrigues and intricacies that trailed and still trailing the two major parties call for concern. Can the centre still hold? Or something will give away?
With the beginning of campaigns on Wednesday, September 28, 2022, it has been mixed outlook for the parties. According to media reports, The Nation, Friday, September 30, 2022), barely 24 hours after launching its campaign, the crisis that has hit the peoples Democratic Party (PDP) escalated as some members of the National working committee (NWC) returned N122.4m rent stipends paid into their account.
Some NWC members alleged that they got the strange alerts after they joined issues with the party on the where about of over N10 billion realized as nomination fees during the party’s primaries. The N10 billion was said to have been depleted to N1 billion in uncertain circumstances, leading to tension in the NWC. The paper equally reported that some NWC members were paid N28million each to house the row over the where about of the N10 billion.
According to the report, those who have so far returned their emergency stipends were the Deputy National Chairman (South) Ambassador Taofeek Arapaja (N36 million), National Vice Chairman (South West) Olusoji Adagunodo (N28,000,000), National Woman Leader, Prof. Stella Effa Attoe (28,000,000) and National Chairman (South –South) Chief Dan Orbih (N28,800,000. Though money maybe at the centre of this latest controversy but beyond the horizon there seems to be some under-current.
It is an open secret that since the conclusion of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) National convention in which Alhaji Atiku Abubakar emerged as the standard bearer of the party, the Dr. Lyorchia Ayu-led executive has not known peace. At the fore-front of the campaign for resignation of the PDP National Chairman has remained Rivers State Governor, Nyesom Wike with his few governors-colloquy. Wike who equally contested the presidential primaries may have been displeased and disappointed hence, his resolve to have his pound of flesh.
With the leadership of the party sill shaky and with wike’s belligerent and shunning of all overtures aimed at reconciliation, the PDP must up its ante in order to reinvent itself if it must regain power. With some of his colleague governors in his camp, wike is sure ready for a showdown. Will he succeed? Can the party amicably broker peace? Though the PDP is in a good stead to give the ruling APC a good run for its money, the internal crisis now bedeviling the party portends an ominoeus.
Similarly, the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) is not immune from controversies and crisis as one of the major disquiet amongst the rank and file of the party after the National convention was the issue of the Muslim-Muslim ticket of Asiwaju Ahmed Bola Tinubu and Kashim Shiettima. In a multi-cultural and multi-religious society like Nigeria, this, ostensibly, is bound to raise eyebrows. How the party weathers the storm remains to be seen.
Again, one would have expected that as the party in power, the All Progressives Congress (APC) ought to have kick-start its presidential campaigns before others. That was not to be thereby leading to rumors and insinuations. However, the Director-General of the Tinubu Shettima Presidential Campaign Council and Governor of Plateau State, Barrister Simon Bako Lalong said the adjustment of the time-table and schedules of activities is in order to accommodate growing interest shown by various political tendencies. Being part of the campaign council, he said in a statement that a new date would be announced soon? (Vanguard, Wednesday, September 28, 2022).
The statement read: “Recall that we had earlier earmarked a peace walk and prayers for Wednesday, September 28, 2022 to officially kick off our campaign for the 2023 presidential election. We had also announced that the members of the campaign council report at the campaign Head quarters on that day to collect their letters of appointments.
“However due to the expansion of the lists to accommodate more stakeholders and interests within the APC Family, we have decided to adjust the timetable of these activities in order to ensure everyone is on board before activities officially commence. Consequently, the activities earlier announced for 28th September will no longer hold. As the ruling and most attractive party in Nigeria, we understand the sacrifices and understanding of our teeming members who are more than ready for the task ahead. It also shows the enormous love that the party members have for our candidates. A new date and time-table will be announced soon.
While APC members and indeed Nigerians await the new date for the kick-off of the APC presidential campaign, other parties have since swung into action, while the PDP and APC are literally perceived as the dominant parties, 2023 may spring some surprises. Other parties like the Social Democratic Party (SDP), African Democratic Congress (ADC), Labout Party may just spring surprises. Indeed, it is an interesting moment for Nigerian politics and the polity.
In as much as the game of politics is a matter of choice, campaigns should be issue – based devoid of hate speech, sentiments and fake news.
After 2023 general elections, Nigerian democracy should be seen to have matured. There is no room for mouthing “scent” democracy or making caricature of government of the people, by the people and for the people campaigns would surely show the direction of the elections proper.
‘We’re ready to correct our mistakes’
PEOPLES’ Democratic Party (PDP) Presidential Candidate for 2023 election, Atiku Abubakar, says his party is conscious of its past mistakes and willing to correct them if given the mandate.
He said in an interview while in Gombe that the party is willing to correct its past mistakes by making Nigeria a prosperous country.
Though the former Vice-President was not categorical about the party’s mistakes while ruling the country from 1999 to 2015, he stated however, that his party remains a very strong opposition that can win the forthcoming election.
According to him, “PDP is a very popular party, the oldest party that might have made mistakes in the past, but we have realized our mistakes. We are ready to correct those mistakes to make Nigeria prosperous”.
He said Nigerians still rate the PDP higher than the ruling party if compared in terms of performance.
Dr. Ahmed Gana, a member of Atiku’s campaign team from Gombe State, said the PDP members in the State were extremely happy with Atiku’s visit.
“This is one of the first offices that the presidential candidate was physically present to declare open.
“So, we are highly elated. We are very grateful to God for having time to come.
This is a state campaign Office for the presidential candidate. We are very ready. You can see from the response from the people”, he stated.
Alhaji Atiku Abubakar was in Gombe to officially commission the Atiku/Okowa Presidential campaign office and cars in Gombe State which were donated by Dr. Jamilu Isiyaku Gwamna, who was defeated at the PDP Governorship primary election by Mohammed Jibrin Barde.
Food security: Farmers resort to human urine
The high cost of fertilizer which is fast going beyond the reach of an average farmer in Nigeria has forced the users to look for cheaper and environment friendly alternative source of growing their farm produce or risk being cut out of the farming business. KENNETH DARENG, writes.
HUMAN Urine is evidently becoming an alternative solution towards complementing Nigerian government’s strategic desire in ensuring adequate fertilizer to farmers for greater productivity in the country. For decades now, most of these farmers in particularly rural areas have continued to struggle by overcoming the unpalatable consequencis of food insecurity in the nation. No doubt, the raising cost of fertilizer has continue to discourage some of these farmers whereas, only a few of them can successfully lay their hands on these farms input to guarantee a bumper harvest for the benefit of the citizenry.
For instance, a market survey by the Nigeria standard reveals that a bag of commonly used NPK 20-10-10 fertilizer which a year ago went for between N7,000.00 and N8,000.00 is now sold at N30,000.00 per bag with other varieties going for between N15,000.00 and N25,000.00 respectively as against the previous price of less than N6,000.00, depending on the brand available in the market.
Mr Musa Maichibi, a farmer in Bassa LGA of Plateau State, expressed worry that farmers are experiencing the most difficult times in the nation’s history whereby farmers apart from the fear of insecurity are being confronted by high cost of farming inputs such as hiring of tractor, pesticides, herbicide, fertilizer and costs of human labour, transportation and which when put together makes farming a not too pleasant business at this crucial times.
Also sharing his opinion with SUNDAY STANDARD, Mallam Luka Barde, a dry season farmer in Dong, Jos North LGA, noted that; ” If the cost of fertilizer does not go down, the next farming season may likely experience severe food shortage and even a further hike in prices of food stuff.
”In the olden days, our great grand parents never knew anything like chemical fertilizers, yet people lived healthy long life. I grew up farming with my parents with just cow feces and ashes and the crops produced quite well with natural taste. Unfortunately, the white men came with their so called civilization and destroyed our land. What we have today is devastation of both land and health of human beings due to the effects of chemicals in our food.” Barde added.
Another view was expressed by Haruna Garba, a resident of Narguta in Jos north who noted that; ”With this latest development, Nigeria has now joined the league of nations that convert human urine as a component for making fertilizer. Then, the borne of contention was, how were they going to collect the urine and what will be the guarantee that this will not go as one of these elephant projects which never saw the light of the day.
”It is quite sad that the government is taking such a risk at the expense of its citizens especially in a country where majority of its populace eat from hand to mouth with dare consequences. Imagine the government telling the populace to take a bite at their own fists in the name of improving their farm yield especially in view of our backwardness and the general level of poor hygiene in most of our communities and with diseases rampaging the people. What then is the guarantee that the use of human urine will not endanger the health of its citizens at any given time.” Garba asked.
Although the argument appears to be gaining currency, some Nigerians like Madam Asabe Jang, expressed misgivings over the idea of using human urine as fertilizer. According to her; We as a people are not ready for that. Let the government address the challenge by subsidizing farming imputs with the collaboration of the Federal, States and Local Government Councils.
But Mr Chinge Rivie, a retired civil servant in Bassa LGA, now a farmer in a chat with SUNDAY STANDARD said; ”There is no need for apprehension by some individuals on the usuage of human urine after all, most people don’t even know the secret behind some of the food we all consume. Farmers in most cases have now adopted the use of human urine in place of chemical fertilizer.
”Nowadays, farmers buy human urine stored in public or residential septic tanks or soakaways then mix the substance with other chemicals to get the desired bags to cover the entire farm and the yield is always amazing and in most cases more than the chemical fertilizer yield.” Rivie disclosed.
However, the reason for the soaring cost of chemical fertilizers may be associated with Federal Government’s efforts of breaking the jinx and taking out the firm grip of powerful cartels behind fertilizer control by the removal of subsidy some years ago which allowed market forces to determine the procurement and sale of the product.
Although the government decision yielded positive results in terms of the stabilizing cost of the commodity, the current down turn of the economy coupled with inflationary trends and general insecurity is taking its toll on the availability of fertilizers.
Other factors associated with this scarcity and high cost has to do with Federal Government placing strict control on the product in the wake of insurgency in the north western part of the country where terrorists had taken advantage of the low cost of the product such as Urea fertilizer, where the criminals were in the habit of purchasing Urea in large quantity for the production of improvised explosives.
However, another mix bag of factors have been attributed to the Russia – Ukraine war. But then, the fertilizer availability and affordability issue has always been a vexed discourse with the government still taken the bulk of the blame especially with what some critics say are the failures and missteps by policy makers to address the main issues at stake coupled with endemic corruption in the system.
Others also lay blame at the door steps of those institutions that are supposed to take action but have either been compromised or have left the farmers at the mercy of fraudulent businessmen who are making money at the expense of these poor farmers.
SUNDAY STANDARD also gathered, that the farming communities are at a cross road wondering where the solution will come from as average farmers appear tinged with helplessness over their sorry condition with their source of livelihood completely threatened. While the hash economic realities bite harder, the center of their uncertainty over the continued surge in prices of fertilizer which grew up to about 30 percent at the beginning of the year after the 80 percent increase of the previous year. This has contributed in change of plans and search for alternatives such as the use of human feces and urine to boost their crops.
According to a commentator, Mr Abachi Ungbo, ” Our food supply chain is activated by the production activities of small scale farmers that are scattered across the country who hardly get appropriate reward for their busting activities after spending unstintingly for the inputs they deploy.
”We now have a huge crisis in our hands with the soaring price of fertilizer. It means higher production cost will ultimately be transferred to all of us in the prices of food. And by implication, food prices will continue to make an exorable upward trajectory in the face of asphyxiating economic crunch.”
Recent research by economic experts have also shown that, about 80 percent of household’s income is spent on food which may have informed the mass appeal to farming in order to counter the proportionate expenditure.
Meanwhile, most agricultural experts have agreed that most Nigerian farmers are making use of human urine as an organic fertilizer available for use. But they are also of the view that the potency of the human urine though not yet ascertained by empirical research, but has gained global acceptability.
The human urine is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and the minerals and nutrients also found in chemical fertilizers are also available in Urea. The organic compound in urine is considered rich and environment friendly and can be used to improve farming activities across the country.
Madam Angelina Gwom , a resident of Rantya, Jos was however not happy with the trend of using human fists for agricultural purposes saying; ” I don’t subscribe to such practices in our present economic challenges. The phobia of knowing that what one is eating contains some organic materials like human feces can be disturbing. Perhaps such is the reason we are having all kinds of diseases in our communities. Let the government do something about it .”
Similarly, Thomas Tukop, a retired Police officer shared his views with SUNDAY STANDARD, wondering why the government cannot encourage the use of manure as was the old practice rather than allowing people to eat indirectly from human urine in the name of fertilizer.
But Abachi Ungbo in his comment said; ” Here in Africa, I was pleased to see what an entrepreneur in Uganda is doing with urine which has attracted global attention. Researchers in Niger Republic and their counterpart from Europe have been working on human urine to fertilize crops and the soil. So far, it has been a roaring success.
”In fact, Swedish researchers are trying techniques of drying up urine into chunks then into powder then pellets that will fit into farming equipment. The idea of human urine as far as fertilizer isn’t novel. Historians have described it as a valuable commodity and used extensively by different civilizations in the past.
The Romans are known to have deployed urine for a multiplicity of uses that included fertilizer so much that it became a source of tax. The government researchers need to turn their attention towards alternative sources of cheaper and environment friendly fertilizers to our farmers bearing in mind the impact of the prohibitive cost of the input on food production, soaring food prices isn’t just about food security challenges but also about national security.” Ungbo noted.
However, as the nation’s farmers test run the use of human urine and other cheaper means of farming, most Nigerians expect food on the table for their families and any method that can provide respite may not be a problem. Rather, what is instructive is how every opportunity can best be optimized for the benefit of national food security and survival.
Traditional ruler, stakeholders laud UNICEF on girl education
THE Emir of Agaie, Dr Yusuf Nuhu, and other relevant stakeholders in Niger State have confirmed that UNICEF’s intervention to increase girl-child school enrolment in the state had been successful and commendable.
The UNICEF intervention is funded by the Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) of the UK.
The Girl Education Project (GEP3) intervention began in Niger in 2012 and ended in 2021.
It was executed in nine local government areas of the state including Shiroro, Agaie, Gbako, Edati, Mariga, Mashegu, Rafi, Kontagora and Munya.
Speaking with our reporter in Minna, Niger State in central Nigeria recently, the Emir of Agaie, Dr Yusuf Nuhu, said traditional leaders also made useful contributions to the success of the intervention.
He observed that the intervention also encouraged the girl child to stay in school and complete her studies rather than abandoning same for early marriage.
DrNuhu said that the emirate actually put a ban on withdrawal of girls from schools by parents for such premature marriages.
“We had cases where some parents approached school authorities to withdraw girls for marriages, but the schools, with the support of traditional rulers, frustrated the moves.
“It is all the more painful as this usually happens when the girls are about completing their number of years in school.
“It is part of our responsibilities to encourage our people to go to school and we are playing that role well; we will continue to play it by protecting the girl child and making sure that girls are allowed to acquire education,” the emir said.
On his part, the Education Secretary of Shiroro Local Government, Usman Tukura Ibrahim said, the authority has mapped out measures to ensure the sustainability of GEP 3 programme as the programme ended last year.
“We have designed a programme which will not allow the programme to die a natural death in Shiroro Local Education Authority; part of it is that the Master trainers in various schools are to be reorganized to train others”
He said they will be trained and will in turn train teachers in various schools to ensure continuity of UNICEF programmes.
“This has become necessary for the fact that the programme was able to showcase the importance of girl child education. Before now girls were taken out of school for marriages, but now they have realized that enrolment of girl child in school is the best legacy. In most cases, educated girl child takes care of parents than boys”, he stated.
Given the statistics of the enrollment in Primary School, the Head Teacher, Sa’adatu Ibrahim said in 2019, enrollment of male students was 37while that of female was 35 in 2020 male enrollment was 40 while female were 50, in 2021 male enrollment was 35 while that of female was 60. In 2022, male enrollment was 33 while that of female was 50.
In his contribution, Mr Yabagi Ndanusa, Head Teacher of Suleiman Primary School in Agaie Local Government Area confirmed that the intervention had helped in the enrolment of more girls in school.
“Before now, the population of pupils in this school was 699 pupils, now the number has increased to 785 pupils and out of this number we have 485 girls while the boys are 300″Before now, we had more boys than girls,” he said.
Also speaking with our reporter, Malam Aliyu Ibrahim, Chairman, School Based Management Committee (SBMC) in the school, attributed the increase in girls enrolment to continuous sensitisation of parents and guardians.
“In the past, there was not much awareness; parents were not allowing their children, especially the female ones to go to school.
“Since UNICEF’s intervention, many parents are now realising the importance of sending their children to school, especially the girls,” he said.
Ibrahim said the SBMC had been assisting some of the less privileged pupils with school uniforms and instructional materials. In collaboration with the Parents Teachers Association.
Another respondent, Malam Mohammed Ado, Head Teacher at Islamic Training Centre, Agaie, said girls were now allowed to enrol at the centre consequent upon UNICEF’s intervention.
“Before now, the centre admitted only boys, but UNICEF’s intervention helped us to accept girls into the centre and they now outnumber the boys.
“We have 257 pupils out of which 150 of them are girls. UNICEF also provided us with school uniforms and instructional materials as well as grant to construct blocks of classrooms, “Ado said.
He also told our reporter that the intervention enabled the centre to expand its curriculum beyond Arabic Language to accommodate English Language and Mathematics.
DG hails proposed NYSC Trust Fund Scheme
BRIG. Gen. Muhammad Fadah, Director General, National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has hailed the proposed establishment of NYSC Trust Fund, as the scheme is capable of empowering corps members to become self reliant and employers of labour.
He called for strong support for the scheme to come on board and make positive impact on the lives of corps members in view of the alarming unemployment situation in Nigeria.
The NYSC DG made the call during the swearing-in ceremony of the 2022 Batch ‘B’ Stream Il youth corps members posted to Kogi at the NYSC Orientation Camp in Asaya, Kabba Local Government Area.
Represented by the NYSC Coordinator in Kogi, Mofoluwasho Williams, the DG said “already the NYSC Trust Fund has reached an advanced stage of legislation.”
“This Trust Fund, when established, will help the smooth operations of the NYSC Scheme especially in addressing the challenges of infrastructure and providing start-up capital for corps members.
“It’s a clear fact that white-collar jobs are no more readily available, which calls for corps members to inculcate the strong desire to be self reliant and employers of labour.
“As you are now in camp, I encourage you to avail yourselves of the opportunities for self employment offered to you through the Skill Acquisition and Entrepreneurship Development (SAED) Programme.
“You’re expected to choose from any of the areas and make yourselves available for the training, “he said.
Fadah strongly charged the corps members to maintain high level of discipline and enthusiasm by complying with the camp rules and regulations.
He said, “You must continue to distance yourselves from cultism, drugs abuse and other social vices to be responsible in contributing your quota to nation building as patriots.”
The DG also cautioned them against using social media for spreading fake news, fueling hatred through hate speeches and other negative purposes.
While advising them to use social media for the promotion of national unity and development, Fadah charged them to the security conscious at all times and report any suspicious character or activities around them.
He said, “One of the objectives of NYSC is promotion of national unity and integration, hence, your deployment away from your states of origin and your assemblage here from diverse ethnic, religious and socio-economic backgrounds.”
“This policy will not only offer you the opportunity for a broader understanding of the country, but also entrench the culture of working together in an atmosphere filled with friendship, peace, harmony, and a shared vision of a great and prosperous Nigeria,” he said.
Our Correspondent reports that a total of 1,200 corps members posted to Kogi, were led by Justice Esther Haruna in taking their oaths at the colourful swearing in ceremony.
HoR committee mandated on Kuje attack
THE House of Representatives has mandated its committees on National
Security and Intelligence, Interior, Reforming Services, Defence, Army, Navy and Police Affairs to investigate the causes, dimensions and effects of the recent Kuje custodian center attack.
To this end, the joint committee is to make its report available within four weeks for further legislative action.
The lower chamber urged the federal government to implement the recommendations of the special summit of national security organized by the leadership of the house in 2021.
At the resumption of the plenary, the house unanimously adopted the motion moved by Hon. Sha’aban Sharada titled, “Need to investigate the terrorist attack on Nigerian correctional medium security custodian center Kuje”.
Representative Sharada recalled the July 2022, terrorist attack the Nigerian correctional service’s medium security custodian center, Kuje, in Abuja, and expressed worried that the Kuje custodian center attack and its terrible out come along with several related crimes against national security are on the increase despite stakeholders commitment towards equipping the national security enforcement and intelligence community with significant appropriation of funds.
The House, he said is cognizant of the fact that public peace and safety will continue to be threatened if urgent steps are not taken to address the situation.
Meanwhile, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has advised Nigerians to file lawsuits against candidates who they know submitted false certificates for their eligibility to contest the 2023 general elections.
The electoral body also said it was also involved in 334 pre-election court cases that arose from the conduct of the congress and primaries by political parties for the general elections.
INEC chairman, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu stated these at the swearing in of Dr. Hale Longpet as Resident Electoral Commissioner recently in Abuja.
He said Longpet who is from Plateau State has been deployed as REC for Kogi state.
Prof. Yakubu disclosed that the commission is set to publish the personal particulars of candidates nominated by their political parties for governorship and state assembly elections in all constituencies nationwide as required by law.
He explain that with the publication of the personal particulars of candidates for governorship, deputy governorship and state assembly elections, the commission expects the number of cases to increase.
Prof. Yakubu appealed to all Nigerians (citizens and aspirants) to seize the opportunity to scrutinize the particulars of the candidates and to seek judicial remedy for any observed violation of law as provided in section 29 of the Electoral Acts 2022.
The INEC boss further stated that the issue of internal democracy in parties remains a sore point in the Nation’s electoral process in Nigeria.
He added that the commission would continue to engage with them while standing firm against any transgression by strictly enforcing provisions of the law and extant regulations and guidelines.
Signs, and ways of dealing with depression
DEPESSION is a mental health challenge that can eventually eat you up if you don’t keep personal trackers and checks to watch out the signs and parameters and assess yourself.
There are many causes ranging from loss of loved ones, tragedies, disasters, accidents, bankruptcy, financial and emotional challenges, disappointments, unfulfilled dreams and desires, among others.
The death of popular Nollywood actress Ada Ameh of the favourite Popular comedy sitcom ‘The Johnsons’ this week was so tragic to many because the actress had shared variously how she is battling with mental health issues after losing her only daughter Aladi in 2021 alongside seven of her family members.
According to the health experts, there are some signs that shows a person is having depression and there is a thin line between being unhappy and being depressed.
Healthline editorial team say “Being unhappy isn’t the same as being depressed. Depression is a term often used loosely to describe how we feel after a bad week at work or when we’re going through a breakup. But major depressive disorder — a type of depression — is much more complicated. There are specific symptoms that determine whether it’s depression or the sadness we all sometimes experience in life”.
However determining if persistent, unshakable dark feelings are a result of depression can be the first step toward healing and recovery.
They suggest you read these warning signs to see if it’s time for you to see a mental health professional.
- Hopeless outlook
Major depression is a mood disorder that affects the way you feel about life in general. Having a hopeless or helpless outlook on your life is the most common symptom of depression. Other feelings may be worthlessness, self-hate, or inappropriate guilt. Common, recurring thoughts of depression may be vocalized as, “It’s all my fault,” or “What’s the point?”
- Loss of interest.
Depression can take the pleasure or enjoyment out of the things you love. A loss of interest or withdrawal from activities that you once looked forward to — sports, hobbies, or going out with friends — is yet another telltale sign of major depression. Another area where you may lose interest is sex. Symptoms of major depression include a decreased sex drive and even impotence.
- Increased fatigue and sleep problems
Part of the reason you might stop doing things you enjoy is because you feel very tired. Depression often comes with a lack of energy and an overwhelming feeling of fatigue, which can be among the most debilitating symptoms of depression. This could lead to excessive sleeping.
Depression is also linked with insomnia, as one might lead to the other and vice versa. They can also make each other worse. The lack of quality, restful sleep can also lead to anxiety.
- Anxiety. While depression hasn’t been shown to cause anxiety, the two conditions often occur together. Symptoms of anxiety can include nervousness, restlessness, or feeling tense feelings of danger, panic, or dread rapid heart rate rapid breathing
increased or heavy sweating
trembling or muscle twitching trouble focusing or thinking clearly about anything other than the thing you’re worried about
- Irritability in men
Depression can affect the sexes differently. Research shows that men with depression may have symptoms such as irritability, escapist or risky behavior, substance abuse, or misplaced anger. Men are also less likely than women to recognize depression or seek treatment for it.
- Changes in appetite and weight. Weight and appetite can fluctuate for people with depression. This experience may be different for each person. Some people will have an increased appetite and gain weight, while others won’t be hungry and will lose weight.
- Uncontrollable emotions
One minute it’s an outburst of anger. The next you’re crying uncontrollably. Nothing outside of you prompted the change, but your emotions are up and down at a moment’s notice. Depression can cause mood swings.
- Looking at death
Depression is sometimes connected with suicide. People who die by suicide usually show symptoms first. Often people will talk about it or make a first attempt before succeeding in ending their life. If you think someone is at immediate risk of self-harm or hurting another person, get help for the person. If you have had some of the previously mentioned symptoms for more than two weeks, you might be suffering from major depression disorder. Recognizing that you’re depressed is essential to getting the right help.
Depression affects millions of people, but there are varying treatments available, from lifestyle changes to medications. No matter the path of treatment you choose, asking for professional help is the first step to getting back to feeling like yourself again.
How to overcome depression
Jabeen Begum in a piece on Webmb.com says being depressed can make you feel helpless but there’s a lot you can do on your own to fight back. Changing your behavior — your physical activity, lifestyle, and even your way of thinking — are all natural depression treatments.
Get in a routine. If you’re depressed, you need a routine, says Ian Cook, MD. He’s a psychiatrist and director of the Depression Research and Clinic Program at UCLA because depression can strip away the structure from your life. One day melts into the next. Setting a gentle daily schedule can help you get back on track.
Set goals. When you’re depressed, you may feel like you can’t accomplish anything. That makes you feel worse about yourself. To push back, set daily goals for yourself. “Start very small,” Cook says. “Make your goal something that you can succeed at, like doing the dishes every other day.
Exercise. It temporarily boosts feel-good chemicals called endorphins. It may also have long-term benefits for people with depression. Regular exercise seems to encourage the brain to rewire itself in positive ways, Cook says.
Eat healthy. There is no magic diet that fixes depression. It’s a good idea to watch what you eat, though. If depression tends to make you overeat, getting in control of your eating will help you feel better. Get enough sleep. Depression can make it hard to get enough shut-eye, and too little sleep can make depression worse.
Try not to nap. Take all the distractions out of your bedroom — no computer and no TV. In time you may find your sleep improves.Take on responsibilities. When you’re depressed, you may want to pull back from life and give up your responsibilities at home and at work. Don’t. Staying involved and having daily responsibilities can help you maintain a lifestyle that can help counter depression. They ground you and give you a sense of accomplishment.
If you’re not up to full-time school or work, that’s fine. Think about part-time. If that seems like too much, consider volunteer work. Challenge negative thoughts. In your fight against depression, a lot of the work is mental — changing how you think. When you’re depressed, you leap to the worst possible conclusions.
The next time you’re feeling terrible about yourself, use logic as a natural depression treatment. You might feel like no one likes you, but is there real evidence for that? You might feel like the most worthless person on the planet, but is that really likely? It takes practice, but in time you can beat back those negative thoughts before they get out of control. Check with your doctor before using supplements. “There’s promising evidence for certain supplements for depression,” Cook says.
Do something new. When you’re depressed, you’re in a rut. Push yourself to do something different. Go to a museum. Pick up a used book and read it on a park bench. Volunteer at a soup kitchen. Take a language class.
“When we challenge ourselves to do something different, there are chemical changes in the brain,” Cook says.Try to have fun. As strange as it might sound, you have to work at having fun. Plan things you used to enjoy, even if they feel like a chore. Keep going to the movies. Keep going out with friends for dinner, avoid alcohol and other drugs. Substance misuse is common in people who have depression. You may be more likely to turn to alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs to deal with the symptoms of your depression. It’s unclear if drinking and using drugs causes depression. But long-term drug use could change the way your brain works and worsen or lead to mental health problems.
Drums for Lalong @ 59
THE corridors of power was agog last week with drums of celebrations to mark the birthday of Governor Simon Bako Lalong who clocked 59 on May 5th 2022.
It wasn’t a moment for lavish celebrations in view of the challenges being faced in the state and country but there was clinking of wine glasses to mark the day as his family members, close associates and personal aides celebrated the ‘First Man’.
Good will messages from many notable dignatories including President Mohammadu Buhari, members of Parliament at the state and National levels, the Progressives Governors Forum, and other groups and individuals all wished the celebrant well describing him as a man with a strong desire for fostering peace and unity of the nation especially with his role as Chairman Northern Governors Forum and in his state.
Governor Lalong who said he was so humbled by the gesture appreciated God for the gift of life which he said is paramount to all the achievements he has done in his lifetime. He prayed for wisdom to continue to lead the state and nation in the many areas of assignment he finds himself.
He dedicated his birthday to the state praying for more peace and unity among citizens and more developmental strides to be recorded, and also to two young star-golfers who died in an accident while returning from a golf kitty at the Rhino Golf Course in Jos, shortly after the May 2022 Sallah.
Unity Iftar 2022
As the Muslim Ummah rounded up their 2022 Ramadan fast, activities at Plateau Government House Little Rayfield heightened with an Iftar dinner and breaking of fast at the instance of the Governor.
The dinner tagged ‘Unity’ fast’ was held on Tuesday April 28, 2022 a few days to Sallah at the Banquet Hall, Government House Jos. Government played host to both Christians and Moslems for the breaking of fast. The dinner brought together both Christian and Moslem leaders at government circles, the traditional institutions, social and religious sectors.
This is not the first time Governor Lalong is spearheading such ventures where he uses as a platform to advance his message on interreligious tolerance and need for peaceful living among different faiths. His peace strides is among the cardinal policy thrusts of his rescue administration.
Prof. Danladi Atu, the Secretary to the Government, said the welcome address at the fast-breaking-dinner saying the Iftar, which is at the instance of the governor, was solely a gesture to promote unity and peaceful coexistence among the citizens of Plateau State.
He said the Governor had tagged the meal ‘unity meal” that’s why the dinner was also used as a forum to invite guests cutting across different divides to partake in the significant gathering. He called for continued prayers for the state to keep it afloat to advance seeds of development.
The Governor, on his part, challenged all leaders and faithfuls of the two prominent faiths and religions of Christianity and Islam to be practical about the teachings of their faith by showing love to others and living in peace.